The curtain is a curtain that is stretched to prevent the view of the interior from the outside and to ensure that the light does not enter. Although the curtain was used to prevent the appearance of something like its simple definition when it first appeared, its current purpose is changing more and more. Curtains, which have become an indispensable part of home decoration, have become an important element that decorates the house. So do you know for how long the curtain has been used? Let’s check out who invented the curtain together.
The first fabric and weaving techniques were developed in Mesopotamia. Textile terms used in many languages today are from that period. Later, the use of curtains became widespread in ancient Egypt. Curtains were used in the interior decoration of the temples during the Ancient Greek and Roman periods. Printed fabrics were preferred more. According to historical sources, Latins used the window curtain for the first time. So we can say that the Latins invented the curtain.
Windows were very small in the Middle Ages, usually, wooden lids were used. The word “Vual”, which is used today, is to protect the noble Romans who come to the performances in the big ceremony areas from the sun. It comes from the curtain system called Velum. In the VI century, yarn production reached enormous levels in Byzantine and Rome. Byzantine silk fabrics were woven on looms in Istanbul and Cornette. In this process, extremely rich fabrics in terms of patterns and composition were produced. The roller blind we use today is one of the products of this process.
Curtains were also used in some periods of history to provide the space temperature. The window covers were covered with wax and wax paper. The nobles used woolen woven silk curtains. Very high-quality silks have been produced in Lucca and Venice. Everyday events or legends were depicted in the 14th century in Genova, Florence, and Milan, on lavish velvets and on the curtain fabrics of the period. In addition, the use of curtains in bedrooms for the first time appeared in the Middle Ages. In the Renaissance period, rich embroidery catches the eye. Curtains are now not only functional but also used as decorative items. In the 16th century, Italian and French decorators preferred rich borders, pieces, and short curtains with elegant patterns. Color is generally dominated by brown, orange, and dark green.
In the Baroque period, changes occurred in terms of interior decoration. With a new harmony, furniture designs and symmetry are in the foreground. In the 17th century, embossed double curtains in French and Italian styles were used, these are silk taffeta and linen, suspended from a narrow cornice with rings. The use of cornice increased during this period. The French produced metal cornices, tassels, and quality velvet curtains. The show was at the forefront in the 17th and 18th centuries. Rich materials are used even in the simplest models. It begins with the Rococo period that spread from Paris to all of Europe against the 18th-century Baroque style. Diversity, elegance, harmony, and fantasy were at the forefront of this style.
During this period, fabric types increased more. In addition, fabrics were brought from India. Curtains were mostly bright yellow and silver colors. In the Neo-Classical period that emerged at the end of the 18th century, Robert Adam’s thoughts on decoration gained weight. There were brokers, colored silks, embroidered satins, velvet woolen fabrics, taffeta tulle, and muslins. The curtains were open and in the soft air. After the French Revolution, the Empire style emerged. The most important feature of this style was the curtains reaching to the floor. Symbolic curtains were widely used in this period.
The Brief Historical Timeline of Curtains
Curtains are the fabric that hangs inside windows and sometimes doors to cut off the light or prevent drafts. Curtains are usually made of thick fabric and hang from top to bottom, either plain or pleated. From the excavations made in places such as Olynthos, Pompei, and Herculaneum, it was understood that curtains were used instead of door wings in buildings in the Ancient Age. In the mosaics from early Christianity (2-6th centuries), curtains hanging from rods placed between arches are seen. There are curtains hung on the doors in medieval paintings. Until the end of this period, windows were covered either with wooden sashes or thick fabrics. It would have been that the sides of the beds were also covered with curtains.
Even the middle-class houses had half or full-size curtains, as seen in the 17th-century Dutch painters’ paintings. Fabric curtains cover the beds. It is understood that these weavings were made in houses. In Italy, on the other hand, velvet or damask silk fabric curtains were hung in front of the beds, which were usually placed in a niche. In France, most of the magnificent ceremonies in the palace of Louis the 14th took place in the king’s bedroom, where there were layers of curtains on all sides. In the Rococo style, which was dominant in the 15th Louis era, attention was paid to the harmony between window curtains and bed curtains. Cords, ribbons, beads, tassels, and bows used to decorate these elaborate curtains arranged in layers.
The decoration styles prevailing in France and England at the beginning of the 19th century were inspired by the Ancient Age, especially curtains similar to those of the Ancient Egyptian and Greek periods. During romanticism, various sources of inspiration, including India and Far East countries, influenced curtain design. Sometimes items such as birds and vine leaves carved from wood were brought over the windows and curtains were attached to them.
In England, in the period of Queen Victoria, in addition to the door wings, curtains were used to match the upholstery of the furniture in the rooms or the carpets on the floor, the paper on the walls. The most important innovation in the 20th century is the use of synthetic fabrics in curtain production. Taking advantage of the machines to open and close them has also made the large size curtains useful.
The invention of Curtain: Detailed Description
The uses of the curtain in homes and our environment, close to the form we use today, date back a long time ago, even prehistoric times. The story of the curtain, which started with the skins used by people living in caves to cover the doors of caves in primitive times, has developed in settled societies with the weaving of carpets, rugs, and later on valuable fabrics. In the history of humanity, the only connection between the inside and the outside of spaces has long been only doors. That’s why most of the concepts we know about curtains come from curtains used on doors, not windows.
The fabric and weaving techniques that developed in Mesopotamia gave birth to words that have been settled as textile terms in many languages today. The Arabic word “macrame” is used in many languages. Words like muslin and damask come from the places where they are made, namely Mosul and Damascus. Curtains were widely used in ancient Egypt. In the Ancient Greek and Roman periods, printed linen fabrics were used for the decoration of temples and interiors. According to historical sources, the window curtain was used by Latins for the first time. However, during this whole process, including in the Middle Ages, the windows were designed in very small sizes and generally closed with wooden shutters.
The word voile used today comes from the curtain system called “velum”, which is used by the Romanians who come to watch shows in big ceremony areas to protect them from the sun. Since the 6th century, silk production in Byzantium and its provinces has reached considerable levels. Byzantine silk fabrics were woven and used on looms in Istanbul and Corinth. In this period, extremely colorful fabrics rich in pattern and composition were produced. In this process, the foundations of the roller blind that we use today in curtain understanding were laid.
Of course not just for decorative purposes; it was also used to maintain the temperature regulation of the spaces. In the uncanny environment of the Middle Ages, the windows were closed with wooden shutters, greasy and waxed papers. Thus, a secure environment was tried to be created. During this period, curtains made of woolen weave were used only in the houses of the nobility. In addition, the use of curtains in beds for the first time appeared in the Middle Ages. Quality silks were produced in Lucca and Venice.
In the Renaissance period, the rich works on the curtains are striking. Textile products were found in every corner of the house. Back then, curtains were not only functional but also decorative items. They were accompanied by castings and twists in the general decoration of the rooms. In the 16th century, Italian and French decorators preferred elegantly patterned, richly bordered, segmented and short curtains. The color was generally dominated by orange, brown, and dark green.
In the Baroque period, there are significant changes in terms of interior decoration. Along with a new harmony, new furniture designs and symmetry came to the fore. In the 17th century, double curtains embossed in French and Italian styles were used. These were suspended with rings on a narrow cornice and consisted of silk, taffeta, and linen. The use of cornice increased during this period; The French produced metal cornices, tassels, and quality velvet curtains. In the 17th and 18th centuries, vanity was at the forefront. Rich materials were used even in the simplest models.
18th Century Curtain History: Transition From Baroque Style to Rococo Era
In the middle of the 18th century, against the Baroque style, the Rococo period that spread from Paris to the whole of Europe begins. Diversity, elegance, harmony, and fantasy are at the forefront of this style. During this period, the variety of fabrics increased, and also fabrics were brought from India. Bright yellow and silver colors are predominant in curtains. In the Neo-classical period that emerged after the 18th century, Robert Adam’s thoughts on decoration became widespread. Among the most popular types of fabrics are brocade, colored silks, embroidered satins, velvets, woolen fabrics, taffeta, tulle, and muslins. Curtains are usually in soft and light-colored air.
The most important feature of the “Empire” style that emerged in Paris after the French Revolution was the curtains stretching to the floor. The ornate, embroidered, and draped curtains used in the large windows were preferred “out of date”. The most used motifs were bees, stars, roses, and rosettes. The ideas put forward about curtains in the 19th century affect curtain designers even today. The Victorian Period emerged in the same century; people attached great importance to the nobility during this period. In the curtain designs, the simplicity of the 1800s left its place to splendor.
That’s why complexity arose in styles. Deep eaves and shovels were used on the curtains. The rooms were in a gloomy atmosphere because of the use of blinds on the curtains and windows made of thick and dense woven fabrics. Red in particular has left its mark on this period. When we look at the development process of the curtain in the world, we see the effects of the culture as well as the universal lines used in curtain designs until the Westernization period. In the 16th century, decorative window curtains were used in the palace. These curtains had two wings and rich drapes.
Roller Blind History and Scandinavia
Roller blinds are a curtain system gifted to us from Scandinavian countries. It was used for blackout purposes in many countries around the world during the war years, and the system is modernized and used widely today. It has taken its place in our lives as an indispensable decoration element of contemporary, modern spaces. By using the roller blind, you create comfortable, calm, and livable environments. It has now adapted with its modern structure alongside the classical curtain. The era of giving a lot of money to fabrics by using meters of fabric is over. You create spacious environments with economical, stylish, and practical use by using only the amount of fabric you want to close with roller blinds.
Roller blinds are the easiest mechanism to use and repair. The average lifespan is 3 years. This lifetime can be up to 5-10 years in clean – dust-free areas and in proper use. Although it is known as an office curtain, it can be used easily in homes. There are many color and fabric options. Roller blinds fabrics are not raw fabrics. It has an industrial type of cola, which is a hardening agent used by women in embroidery and lace. In the finishing process, the fabric is covered with a PVC acrylic material. The reason for this hardening process is that it ensures that the fabric does not wobble left and right while being wrapped around the pipe.
Roller blinds can be sold in standard sizes in large DIY stores. However, since there is no specific window standard in the world, most of these dimensions are not suitable for windows. This manufacturing method is only valid for countries that comply with window standards. In addition, compliance with these standards alone is not enough. In most of the countries that have achieved such standards, people have workshops in their homes and villas. And again, his practical skills have improved in minor repairs and cuts.
Roller blinds can be made of different quality fabrics, there are non-light black fabric, transparent tulle, sun-filtering screen fabrics, polyester, cotton, acrylic, aluminum foil hygiene, dirt-repellent easy-to-wash fabrics as well as straw in roll form. Fabric options for the needs are generally preferred, and it is an indispensable material in architectural and decoration applications and is a type of curtain that adds a lot of difference to the spaces where it is used. While buying roller blinds, you should definitely prefer fabrics that are suitable for your purpose. Spring manual, chain mechanical system, remote control systems can be applied as a mechanical system in roller blinds.
Roller blinds are also divided into groups with fantasy types. There are some handcrafted applications in the adaptation of roller blinds to home environments, some movements in the roller skirt, and works that add a different spirit to the roller blind. These are the skirt carved soutache application, that is, the application of different cutting shapes on the roller blind skirt, the rustic system, the application of a wooden or metal rustic bar on the roller blind skirt, and the white work application, which is a handcrafted application, with 30 different motifs, traditional 100% It has found a different life on the skirt of the roller blinds and added more value to the places where it is applied. In addition, hand-knitted lace, fringe, pompom, bead, and stone applications on roller blind skirts have provided many opportunities to be used in home environments.
We can apply the roller blinds at workplaces by using fabrics according to their features. For example, briefing halls, places where a slide or slide show can be made, in short, when you want a non-light environment, you reach your goal by using blackout fabric. When we want to use the roller blind by getting enough sunlight in the office environment, we can see outside easily by using ultraviolet ray-proof transparent fabrics that filter the sun, the sunscreen is non-flammable and non-flammable, and we cannot be seen from the outside, at the same time we can get the light by cutting the harmful rays of the sun.
When we want to use the roller blind like a normal curtain, we obtain an economical and practical solution with the normal plain fabric option. Roller blinds serve you for many years with conscious use. You do not pay extra money to the mechanism system by replacing the fabric whenever you wish. Its mechanical parts do not fail easily. There is a possibility of change. It is easy to clean, it can be cleaned with the help of a sponge using mild soap on a flat surface with water at a temperature not exceeding 30 degrees. This cleaning instruction is completely taken from the cleaning instructions that the Swedish ALMEDAHLS fabric producer company has delivered to us, along with its catalogs.
Who Invented the Venetian Blind
Blinds curtain is the general name given to curtains made of horizontal PVC, aluminum, metal, and wood strips. It is the oldest known mechanism curtain model. Today, they are the most preferred office, kitchen, and bathroom curtains by architects. However, you can use it in all windows.
It is the general name given to the mechanism curtains consisting of horizontal stripes. Strips can be PVC, fabric, aluminum, wood, fake wood. It usually consists of solid colors. There are 2 different movements in the Venetian blinds. It is operated with 1 rod and rope mechanism. It has a motorized option. It is operated by remote control or a button such as a wall-mounted switch. The blind bar provides tilt movement. The rotation of the slats (strips) up to 180 degrees while the curtain is open, that is, the window is closed, is called tilt movement.
You can manage the direction and amount of light entering the room with the tilt movement according to the state of the sun. If there is a settlement right in front of your office or home and if you adjust the slats slightly upwards to prevent the interior from being seen from the outside, then it both will receive light and will not be visible from the outside. If you want to block the light or darken the environment, you can move the slats parallel to the window. With the other rope in the blinds, you can make the curtain fall completely down or gather above.
It is known that blinds were used in the workplaces of Venetian merchants for the first time in history. There are many different alternatives for covering windows nowadays. However, there were times when sunlight control in the windows, and privacy of the room were not that easy. The development of sunshades has accelerated in the last 50 years. You may not want to imagine an environment where the morning sun will leave you in the light of your room early in the morning (thank goodness for the blackout curtains). We thought it would be fun to look back at the history of our favorite mechanism curtains.
Although the horizontal striped curtains are derived from the word Venetian curtains, most experts believe that blinds were not invented in Venice. They believe it was used during the Persian empire, whose successor is Iran. We know that it got its name from Venice with the eastern merchants selling it in Venice. Horizontal blinds, known for their light control and ease of use, quickly became common in major
European cities such as Paris, France, and London, England.
Even today in French, blinds are referred to as Les Persienes, referring to Persians. In the 18th century, blinds started to appear in the United States. The wooden blinds version It is known that it was first sold in a shop in Philadelphia in 1767. At first, wooden blinds were used for a long time in government buildings and public places.
Curtain Textile History
Curtain textiles have a very long history. It is known that human beings first produced curtains using animal skins and furs in ancient times and that they closed the mouths of caves with these curtains. In addition, many nomadic tribes in Asia and America closed the entrances of their tents with curtain-like apparatus attached to the tent with hooks. Curtains similar to today’s were first used in the great eastern civilizations such as Egypt, India, China, and Arabia, which were pioneers in wool, cotton, and silk production and processing.
Both the need to hide private living spaces from strangers, the need to be protected from light and dust, and especially the aesthetic expectations of the palace and mansion owners have made it necessary to use curtains, and the mastery of the east in textile has started to show itself in the field of the curtain. In the East, even before Christ, not only functional but also extremely stylish, decorative roller blinds were produced, especially from silk and cotton. Europe, on the other hand, met the curtain only during the crusades in the middle ages. During the Crusades, textile samples woven from the west were brought to Europe, and with these examples, developments began in the field of textile, especially in the Netherlands, Italy, and France.
In the Middle Ages, fabric in Europe was a luxury only accessible to wealthy and noble families. European curtains started to be used in today’s sense only after the Renaissance. With the Renaissance, standards have risen, its use has become a necessity for ordinary people, and the resulting demand has enabled progress and cheaper in the textile industry. Over time, curtains for doors, windows, and shower areas have become a necessity. Curtain making in the West reached its present state with the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries. Textile machines that enable mass production have accelerated the development in the curtain as well as in all textile products and provided purchasing facilities to large masses.
Today, curtain making is one of the important areas of the textile industry. The curtain, which started its historical adventure almost with humanity, is today used all over the world with various materials, shapes, sizes, patterns, colors, and functionality. There are curtains in thousands of categories, from dirt-repellent curtains, noise-absorbing curtains, fireproof curtains, ultraviolet light retention, roller blinds, blinds, remotely controlled motorized and remote-controlled curtains to hand-held curtains.
Who Invented the Theater (Stage) Curtains?
Introduced in 1512 during the reign of King Henry VIII, the court mask was designed. It came in the form of writing and producing a stylized drama through poetry, music, and dance. As you can imagine, the actors wore masks representing the characters depicted. Burlesque dances were included in these productions, called antimáscaras. British architect and set designer Iñigo Jones contributed significantly to technical advances in mask making. Many ideas from this period were developed and integrated into later forms such as ballet, opera, and of course our beloved pantomime. Court ballet has become another popular form of entertainment. Professional dancers first appeared in the mid-17th century, and in 1661, during the reign of Louis XIV, a professional organization of master dancers was formed.
Theater seats and curtains are also older than the theater itself. In Shakespeare’s time, painted floors or occasional theatrical scenes were on display, but the show itself was written in such a way that such objects could not be trusted. Audience. However, this means that today’s set designers need to have more PR students to convey the environment without the distraction of actors. The community can integrate one of the following functions: It provides information about the setting, time, and place in which the actor’s actions and attitudes are embellished or supported on the stage, express a state of mind or emphasize artistic values alone.
The landscape has become a very important element in stage productions. The role of a stage designer includes a creative person who can transform the concepts of the director, playwright and other technicians into a visual panorama, and there will always be differences depending on the size of the production house and the stage. performance type. The title of the set designer or prop designer or even set designer defines the person responsible for the visual appearance and function of the stage pieces in a show.
Paints used to paint the background consist of pigments, binders, and solutions that are in the same concept as any paint. Paints are usually oil-based enamels and water-based latex. Author’s Dye Paint is a combination of an animal collection medium (sometimes referred to as “medicine”) and Powder Coating Pigment. For the glue to work, the glue had to heat up and mix with the dried paint, causing an awful smell. The colors were much more vibrant than latex paints, but they did not hold as much as the existing colors thanks to better technology and improvements in three-dimensional design, the use of various lighting, and new methods such as three-dimensional modeling. They can create amazing special effects.
Best Antique Curtains That You Can Buy Online
- Maison d’ Hermine The Miller 100% Cotton Curtain One Panel for Living Rooms Bedrooms Offices Tailored with a Rod Pocket and Loop for Easy Hanging (Antique Green, 50 Inch by 84 Inch).
- Melodieux Set of 2 Pom Pom Velvet Blackout Lined Thermal Insulated Rod Pocket Curtains for Bedroom, 52×84 Inch, Antique Green (1 Pair)
- Elrene Home Fashions 20863ELR Antonia Blackout Rod Pocket/Back Tab Window Curtain Panel,Antique Gold,Valance
- WAVERLY Curtains for Bedroom – Imperial Dress 42″ x 84″ Decorative Single Panel Rod Pocket Window Treatment Privacy Curtains for Living Room, Antique